Author Topic: GB/K-Ar DATING  (Read 11 times)


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« on: February 02, 2017, 06:37:43 pm »
Guy Berthault

....................... Ar (ppm)
dacite 350,000 years    0.0018
feldspar 340,000 years    0.0024
amphibole 900,000 years    0.0027
pyroxene 1,700,000 to 2,800,000 years    0.0015 to 0.0025

according to the model age equation.

The report says “these ages, of course, are preposterous. The fundamental dating  assumption (no radiogenic argon was present when the rock formed) is questioned by  these data. Instead data from the Mt. St. Helens dacite, argue that significant  “excess argon” was present when the lava solidified in 1986. Phenocrysts of  orthopyroxene, hornblende and plagioclase, are interpreted to have occluded argon  within their mineral structure deep in the magma chamber and to have retained the  argon after emplacement and solidification of the dacite. Orthopyroxene retains the  most argon, followed by hornblende, and finally plagioclase”.

The presence of abundant argon deep in the rocks produced at the time of the  eruption (recent or ancient) and which rises towards the surface of the magma,  gives the impression the rocks are older than they are when dated by the  potassium/argon method.

The fact that the method has been used to date the Australopithecines raises the  question: what then is their real age?

This fundamental dating assumption, as regards other radiometric dating is also  questioned, because every sample rock contains a quantity of daughter resulting  from the decay of the parent in the lava, before crystallisation, which makes the  rock appear older. The model age equation requires that the initial number of  daughter atoms be known. No analytical equipment, however, can give this value.

The isochron age equation depends on several assumptions, the principal being that  rocks of a same formation, when they formed, had the same abundance of daughter, in  this case argon. This is not so for the dacite and its components mentioned above  which only ten years after the eruption showed different respective quantities of  argon.

The model age so determined corresponds to magma and not crystallisation (as for  the dacite). Moreover, gravitational settling between minerals exists in the  cooling magma. For example, strontium, which has the same valence and very similar  ionic radius substitutes for calcium. So in fact, since plagioclase which carries  strontium is less dense than olivine, then due to gravitational settling in an  intrusion the greatest quantity of plagioclase and therefore strontium can  sometimes remain in the higher levels of that intrusion. So strontium can be more  abundant at a higher level in a magma intrusion which gives an apparently older  age.

In conclusion the radioactive age does not necessarily refer to the crystallisation  of rocks and consequently not to geological dating.
« Last Edit: February 02, 2017, 06:39:26 pm by Admin »

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